Analyse & Kritik

Journal of Philosophy and Social Theory


"Kai Nielsen"

Titel: Rawls and the Socratic Ideal
Autor: Kai Nielsen
Seite: 67-93

Abstract: John Rawls's recommendation that political philosophy should be kept free of metaphysics has recently come under attack by Jean Hampton. According to her philosophy as a Socratic quest has to orient itself by radical probing and that unavoidingly involves us in metaphysical commitment. Non-Socratic philosophy in the later Rawls, she claims, reduces itself to a mere modus vivendi. In defending Rawls the article makes clear how Hampton underrates the method of reflective equilibrium. Rawls makes a rationally reconstructed use of the Socratic ideal, that can be turned not only against Hampton's critique of Rawls, but also against its relativist appropriation by Richard Rorty.

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Titel: Cultural Pessimism and the Setting aside of Marxism
Autor: Kai Nielsen
Seite: 75-100

Abstract: I examine Alasdair MacIntyre's grounds for setting aside Marxism. I find them wanting. I argue that his criticisms are either unsound or fail to consider plausible alternative readings of Marxism which would elude what, on the reading MacIntyre gives, are sound criticisms. I consider MacIntyre's remarks about Marx's predictions, his remarks about the moral failures of Marxism and its alleged theoretical impoverishment in considering questions of value.

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Titel: Rawls and the Left: Some Left Critiques of Rawls' Principles of Justice
Autor: Kai Nielsen
Seite: 74-97

Abstract: This is an examination of some Left critiques of Rawls. Stress is put, not on his underlying moral methodology, including his contractarianism, though surely there is need for such a critique as well, but on an examination of his principles of justice, particularly his equal liberty principle and his difference principle. This is often thought to be the heart of his theory. It is argued that Rawls, asociological and ahistorical approach and his ignoring of questions of power and of ideology and his lack of an adequate conceptualization of liberty lead to major distortions in his account. Both principles are shown to be problematic and the equal liberty principle is shown to be in conflict with the difference principle.

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ohne Titel
1984 (6) Heft 2

Trotz ihrer disparaten Titel lassen sich die Beiträge in diesem Heft einem gemeinsamen Thema zuordnen: es geht um die Gültigkeit der einheitswissenschaftlichen These. Mit dieser These wird bekanntlich die Auffassung formuliert, daß es zwischen naturwissenschaftlichen und geistes- oder sozialwissenschaftlichen Methoden keinen grundsätzlichen Unterschied gibt, bzw. - normativ gewendet - keinen grundsätzlichen Unterschied geben soll. Ursprünglich wurde diese These nahezu selbstverständlich a...

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Symposium über Alasdair MacIntyres, "After Virtue"
1984 (6) Heft 1

Das vorliegende Heft ist fast ausschließlich einer Diskussion über Alasdair MacIntyres Buch After Virtue gewidmet. Der Grund dafür besteht nicht nur darin, daß After Virtue in der angelsächsischen Philosophie z. Z. eines der meist diskutierten moralphilosophischen Bücher ist, sondern vor allem auch in seinem interdisziplinären Ansatz, durch den die Grenzen zwischen normativer Ethik und empirisch-theoretischer Sozialwissenschaft überschritten werden sollen.

Hauptmotiv von After Virtue ...

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