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2014 (36) Heft 2
Environmental Justice: Empirical Concerns and Normative Reasoning

Issue co-editor: Gordon Walker (Lancaster)

Environmental philosophers and ethicists normally think of environmental problems as ones on a grand scale. Nowadays they often address climate change, its prospective global consequences and cosmopolitan normative dimensions. Meanwhile, however, epidemiologists, geographers and sociologists have worked on a more medium and local scale and collected a mass of data documenting the extremely uneven local environmental circumstances many people live under: circumstances pertaining to diminished health and life-qualities and potential risk of harm. The label “environmental justice” arose from the black community in the US but has travelled to the European context and to problems of a similar, if not as obviously racialised kind. According to the European Commission 500,000 people are dying per year due to pollution, and on average a year of reduced life-expectancy is due to environmental hazards. Whose lives these are is a pertinent question of inequality and potentially injustice, along with many others that might be asked about the consequences of uneven patterns of environmental quality and resource access in different parts of the world.
This issue plans to address the “environmental-justice frame” that provides the normative background for empirical studies in this field -- either the ethical presuppositions taken for granted in ongoing research or attempts at explicit normative argument. How do distributive, procedural, political and other forms of justice come into claim-making and relate to each other? How do empirical methods and justice concepts connect, and what new objects of concern are emerging? To what extent do we have a right to a healthy environment, and which institutions should be involved in achieving and sustaining this? Is local environmental justice part of social justice, or has it self-standing importance? How does environmental justice differ from and/or relate to ecological justice? What are its criteria, besides or beyond equality?
Deadline for this issue: September 2014.
Ms will be blind-reviewed.
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2015 (37) Heft 1
The Normative Turn Away from Marxism: Substitution or Transformation?

Marxism, both as a Western political movement and an intellectual centre of dispute, lost its appeal during the 1970s and 80s, foreshadowing the breakdown of 'really existing' socialism in the early 90s. Within Western Marxism there has always been acute awareness of Marx' early philosophy, with its visionary ideas of a good life and an ideal society. Nevertheless, the core of Marxist theory was acknowledged by most to lie in economic theory and 'historical materialism'. In growing theoretical contrast, at around the same time normative theories of ethics and politics came to life, forcefully shifted into the limelight by John Rawls' Theory of Justice.
Since that time, a broad philosophical, legal and political literature and culture has developed, both theoretical and applied, which discusses nearly every social aspect of modern Western societies, save the elementary axioms and values of capitalism. There is no way back, it seems, from the elements constituting capitalism and excluding socialism: private property, competitive market, wage labour, unrestricted accumulation of capital, growing inequalities. Present-day normative philosophical theories, be it those of justice or politics, try to defend the modern values of freedom and equality within this framework, but leave the frame itself untouched.
Issue 1/2015 is devoted to analyses of the contrast between Marxism's normative visions and actual 'liberal' and 'social' aims, the principled reasoning behind them and their reality. If socialism is impossible under real human conditions, to what extent do the ideas of freedom and equality need to be downsized? Are present theories of justice and democracy sensitive to the economic-functional frame of capitalism and the market? Are they utopian in a realistic or an obscuring way? Is there any sense at all of alternatives to a well-entrenched capitalism, and is there a sense of the limitations it imposes on the ethical organisation of society?
There may be consent that Marxism's 'science' has gone for good and that the attractions of Marxism have been well transferred to normative thinking. This, however, was just what Marxism criticized in the French Socialists. Not to fall back again into the Marxian trap of substituting values by science, is there a way to avoid the early socialists' substitution of science by values, and to achieve a synthesis?
Contributors will include: Jason Brennan, Brian Leiter, Georg Lohmann, Jan Narveson, John Roemer, Fabien Tarrit.
Deadline: contributions should be submitted by February 15th, 2015.
Publication date: April 2015.
Ms will be blind-reviewed.
Falls Sie einen Beitrag zu diesem Heft von ANALYSE & KRITIK beisteuern möchten, bitten wir Sie darum, Ihren Text oder einen entsprechenden Vorschlag zur Begutachtung einzusenden.


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